Noticias compartidas en el Foro (2016)

Noticias compartidas en el Foro


17/09/2013 – oxfordmartin.ox.ac.uk

The future of the employement: how susceptible are jobs to computarisation? Abstract. We examine how susceptible jobs are to computerisation. To assess this, we begin by implementing a novel methodology to estimate  the probability of computerisation for 702 detailed occupations, using a Gaussian process classifier. Based on these estimates, we examine expected impacts of future computerisation on US labour market outcomes, with the primary objective of analysing the number of jobs at risk and the relationship between an occupation’s probability of computerisation, wages and educational attainment. According to our estimates, about 47 percent of total US employment is at risk. We further provide evidence that wages and educational attainment exhibit a strong negative relationship with an occupation’s probability of computerization. Red more.

05/04/2016Centro de debate y desarrollo

Balance y cambios en el mercado de trabajo. En un reciente artículo de The New York Times, de hace apenas cuatro días, se analizaba con detalle cómo las nuevas tecnologías, la economía colaborativa, la gig economy, están transformando profundamente el mercado de trabajo estadounidense desde dos puntos de vista. Leer el artículo.

Septiembre 2016The national Bureau of economic research

The rise and nature of alternative work arrangements in the united states, 1995-2015. Read the paper.

02/09/2016 – World Economic Forum

The jobs of the future and two skills you need to get them. Could a robot do your job? Millions of people who didn’t see automation coming will soon find out the painful way. The answer is a resounding yes… read more

21/09/2016 – The Atlantic

How to Protect Workers From Job-Stealing Robots. President Obama’s chief economist argues that, with the right policies, artificial intelligence can be boon to the labor market, not a threat. Read more.

22/09/2016 – VOX CEPR’s Policy Portal

How computer automation affects occupations: Technology, jobs, and skills. A popular notion is that computer automation leads to major job losses. However, this ignores the dynamic economic responses that involve both changing demand and inter-occupation substitution. Using US data, this column explores the effect of automation on employment growth for detailed occupational categories. Computer-using occupations have had greater job growth to date, while those using few computers suffer greater computer-related losses. The real challenge posed by automation is developing a workforce with the skills to use new technologies. Read more.

Octubre 2016Direction générale des études et des relations internationales

Labour market regulations and capital labour substitution. Abstract: On the basis of a country*industry unbalanced panel data sample for 14 OECD countries and 18 industries covering the years 1988 to 2007, this study proposes an econometric investigation of the effects of the OECD Employment Protection Legislation (EPL) indicator on capital intensity for four capital components, and on the share of employment for two skill components. Our results, relying on a difference-in-difference approach, are the following : i) positive and significant effects for non-ICT physical capital intensity and the share of high-skilled employment; ii) non-significant effects for ICT capital intensity; and (iii) negative and significant effects for R&D capital intensity and the share of lowskilled employment. These results suggest that firms consider that the strenthening of Employment Protection Legislation is equivalent to a rise in the cost of labour, resulting in capital-to-labour substitution in favour of non-ICT capital and working at the disadvantage of low-skill relatively to highskill workers. They indicate to the contrary that structural reforms for more labour flexibility weakening this legislation could have a favourable impact on firms’ R&D investment and their hiring of low-skill workers. Read more.

04/10/2016nada es gratis

¿Nos van a quitar las máquinas de trabajar? En 1956 Herbert Simon, premio Nobel de Economía en 1978, escribió: “las máquinas serán capaces de hacer cualquier trabajo que un ser humano pueda hacer”. Esta previsión parece ahora mucho más cercana… Leer el artículo.

06/10/2016 – CNBC

Freelancers are a $1 trillion force, and Hillary Clinton is their pick for president. Freelancers are a powerful and growing force of the U.S. economy. And they are also an important voting bloc in a contentious presidential election… Read more.

24/10/2016bcg.perspectives

Why HR Needs a Reboot. Key Takeaways from BCG’s CHRO Summit. “They are disrupters, rabble-rousers, and activists.” That’s how one participant described more than 45 human resources leaders who gathered in New York City on September 30th for BCG’s fourth annual CHRO Summit. The theme this year: strategies for a new era of human resources… read more.

28/10/2016 eldiario.es

Una sentencia en Reino Unido obliga a Uber a pagar un salario mínimo y dar vacaciones a sus empleados. En una sentencia que tendrá efecto en todo Reino Unido, un tribunal de empleo londinense obliga a Uber a considerar a los conductores como empleados de la compañía y no como autónomos. Leer el artículo.

31/10/2016 – Dir&ige Executivenetwork

Uber consigue generar beneficios con su primer camión autónomo. Por primera vez en la historia, un camión autónomo ha conseguido transportar  50.000 cervezas en el estado de Colorado, en Estados Unidos, sin conductor al volante y guiado únicamente por un sistema de computación. Leer el artículo.

17/11/2016OECD

Technology Foresight Forum 2016 on Artificial Intelligence (AI). Background on Artificial Intelligence

Diciembre 2016 – INSEAD

The Global Talent Competitiveness Index 2017. Talent and Technology. Leer el artículo entero

19/12/2016 – The New Yorker

Our automatd future – How long will it be before you lose your job to a robot? Leer el artículo completo.

19/12/2016 – Agenda Pública

El cambio tecnológico, los cambios en el comercio y el impacto en el empleo. El cambio tecnológico y los cambios en el comercio internacional no afectan del mismo modo a todos los trabajadores y empleos. Estos fenómenos generan algunos desequilibrios que se extienden del mercado laboral al ámbito educativo e incluso político… read more.

20/12/2016 – The White House (President Barack Obama)

Artificial Intelligence, Automation, and the Economy. Summary: Today, the White House released a new report on the ways that artificial intelligence will transform our economy over the coming years and decades. Acceder al informe.

26/12/2016 – Noticia de El País

Desplazados laborales, el daño colateral de la inteligencia artificial. Los empleados con salarios más bajos, sin enseñanza media y del transporte serán los más expuestos a ser sustituidos por programas o máquinas. Leer noticia

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